"Pope on the run: republics, redshirts, Risorgimento & Rome....or death!"

Web Lecture on November 11th at 3pm ET with Richard Bowen

Come and Discover:


the unification of Italy in 19th century.

Learn about at its roots, ideology, and the historical struggles that ensued for the unification with an emphasis on Rome, and its republic of 1849.

Follow Richard Bowen as he reveals to you some of the main protagonists involved in the endeavours for unification such as Giuseppe Garibaldi and Giuseppe Mazzini.

The lecture lasts one hour with 20 minutes of Q&A at the end!

Donations are welcome and much appreciated*!

If you have any problems or questions don't hesitate to contact us at:¬†[email protected]

*non tax deductable

Course Curriculum

  Zoom Link
Available in days
days after you enroll

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Richard Bowen

has lived in Rome for nearly 30 years. He has a Bachelor of Humanities degree from Middlesex University and a Master in Arts history degree specialising in mediaeval and 20th century history from University College London. Over the years, Richard has led tours to many different sites in Rome and its environs and is particularly fond of Ostia Antica, Tivoli and the ancient Roman sites including the Baths of Caracalla, Trajan's Market and the Ara Pacis. Additionally, Richard, who has also worked for Smart History, likes to get off the "beaten path" leading tours to the areas of Trastevere and the Park of the Aqueducts. Richard is more than happy to guide tours about the Unification of Italy and the defence of the Roman Republic of 1849, and the rise of Italian Fascism. Equally, our (sometimes) favourite Englishman has no objection to being banished to Cerveteri, Tarquinia or Castel Gandolfo for the day.